What is Dragon Fruit
The dragon fruit scientific name is Hylocereus from family Cactaceae
and normamly called as pitaya. It is native to Central and South America. The
colour of flesh dragon fruit is red, white, or magenta depended to
variety. You can eat it chilled or cold, the choice is all yours but
what you should know is that it is mandatory to eat the pitaya fruit!
The fruit is juicy with sweet taste similar to watermelon and consist
of petite black seeds. The appearance look brilliant pink to red, green
tip overlapping rind and in oblong shape made it unique from other
fruit. Besides being tasty , this fruit possess of a lot of juicy and
essential minerals with various nutrition ingredients. It is recognized
as most nutritious among fruits and famous in many Asia countries.
Varieties of Dragon Fruit in
Dragon fruit is now grown huge in Johore, Penang and Perak as
commercially. Below is the two type variety famous in Malaysia:
Hylocereus undatus (red pitaya) has red-skinned fruit with white
flesh. This is the most commonly-seen "dragon fruit".
Hylocereus costaricensis (Costa Rica pitaya, often called H.
polyrhizus) has red-skinned fruit with red flesh
Hylocereus megalanthus (yellow pitaya, formerly in Selenicereus) has
yellow-skinned fruit with white flesh.
How the dragon Fruit
In Malaysia, the fruit grown huge at Johor, Perak and Selangor state.
It grown well at tropical climates region such as Malaysia with a
moderate amount of rain around 500 to 1200mm of rain with temperature
between 30 to 40 degree Celsius. Dragon fruits a type of cactus with no
leaves . Normally you can see the cement pillar or wood use to support
this climbing plant . The plants only bloom the large white fragrant
flower in bell shape , 1 foot long and 9 inches wide between 3 to 5
times a year depend on soil and climate condition. The flower called
Queen of the night as its only blooms early evening while wilt by
daybreak. The fruit only grow after 30 to 50 days flowering. The fruit
can weight from 300 to 650 grams.
Dragon Fruit Product/Recipes
Dragon fruit searched by eaten raw. Some product make from dragon fruit
1.) Dragon fruit juice
Why Dragon Fruit Benefits
to Body ?
Dragon fruit are ingredient highly with Vitamin C, minerals and boasts
of high fiber content. Its suitable for all diet as it supplement.
These nutrient are known widely to help on many disease cure. Please
health benefits of Dragon fruit to body.
Below table shown the dragon fruit nutrient:
value per 100mg
Water 80-90 g
Carbohydrates 9-14 g
Protein 0.15-0.5 g
Fat 0.1-0.6 g
Fiber 0.3-0.9 g
Ash 0.4-0.7 g
Calcium 6-10 mg
Iron 0.3-0.7 mg
Phosphorus 16 - 36 mg
Carotene (Vitamin A) traces
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) traces
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) traces
Niacin (Vitamin B3) 0.2-0.45 mg
Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) 4-25 mg
of Dragon fruit to body