Durian Fruit

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Durian Fruit

What Is Durian Fruit




In Malaysia this football size fruit shape round to elongate and colour green to greenish bronze and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species with sharp spines as the “King of Fruits”. Durian scientific name is Durio zibethinus Murr belongs to the Bombaceae family and is native from sumatera,Indonesia. It’s grown in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippine and Vietnam.
The name Durian is resulting from the Malay word “duri” which mean thorn, due to its thick, harsh and thorny husk. The strong, delicious smell and juicy flesh of the durian which no other fruit can be camparable. Texture of good durian flesh should be felt dry on your finger tip when lightly touch/ press on the most outer layer of the flesh, with soft and creamy texture as a whole. Must try it while you are visiting to Malaysia. The Durian contains 4 to 6 locales, with 1 to 4 seeds each in custard-like aril which is whitish-cream yellow ,yellow orange in colour with taste sweet or bitter or spirit depend to Durian species .

Varieties of Durian Tree



Some famous species is:Red prawn ( Campaign with severe years of Durian Competition), XO, D24, D99, D123, D145, D158, D159 and D169. Durian is a seasonal fruit productivity from April until July in northern such as Balik Pulau,Penang while in southern such as Johor,the productivite is June until September.

How the Durian Tree Look?

In Malaysia, it grew huge in Penang especially at Balik Pulau, ,Perak, Kedah, Kelantan,Terrengganu, Johore and Pahang. The durian tree produce fruits after 4 to 5 years planted. It can grows up to 50 meters high with rectangle 10 to 20 centimeters long evergreen leaves .The durian tree can live for centuries if not damaged by lightning, soil nutrient lost and disease. The fruit take 3 months to ripen after flower pollination with 30 to 40 centimeters long and weight from 1kg to 12 kilograms.

Eating the Durian Fruit
How to harvest the durian fruit ? The answer is waiting the ripen durian fruit falls itself to ground. This is the best time to eat a delicious and tasteful as it is fresh enough with its origin favor. The durian fruit looses its favors and quality after 4 days. The chosen of taste good durian is look for fresh, big and solid stem with the fruit is shaken, there is a sound of seeds moving inside the fruit indicating ripeness. Some Malaysian eat with Pulut Durian (rice steamed with coconut milk and served with ripened durian). Below is the durian buffet held at Anjung Balik Pulau June 2011.


Durian Fruit Product/Recipes

Besides eaten fresh fruit. Durian fruit is used to flavor variety of food such as durian flavor cake, Durian flavor candy, Durian dodol, tempoyak, ice kacang and ice cream.


Why Durian fruit Benefits to Body ?

Besides eaten fresh. Localism applied the boiling durian leave water to fever patient for lower down the heat. Besides, the durian fruit rind use to pulverize to powder and position at stomach to improve the constipate. Eating durian is good for health with below good nature nutrition:

Nutritional value per 100 gm
Energy 153 kcal
carbohydrate  27 g
calcium 40mg
Iron 1.9 mg
Vitamin A (Carotene) 150 mg
Vitamin B1 0.1 mg
Vitamin B2 0.13 mg
Vitamin C 23.3 mg
Fat 3.4 g
Protein 2.7 g


Related link: Durian Flavor Cake, Health Benefits of Durian



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